Frustration, stress, or anxiety can sometimes cause a cat to change their urinating habits. Any change in their routine, such as a new person in the household or moving house, can lead to changes in urination. They may also “mark” spots in the house with their urine as a means of marking their territory.
Overexposure to Ammonia
Breathing in cat urine can actually make you sick. Cat pee is full of ammonia, a toxic gas that can cause headaches, trigger asthma attacks, and even result in serious respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia.
Spraying is when a cat backs up to a vertical surface with their tail erect and squirts urine. Their tail often quivers while they’re spray- ing. Regular urinating is when they squat to pee on the furniture, the floor, things lying on the floor or any other horizontal surface.
There are a large number of medical reasons a cat may start peeing on the floor. These include, but are not limited to, urinary tract infections, kidney disease, feline lower urinary tract disease, bladder stones, cystitis, diabetes, and cancer. Any new behaviors of peeing on the floor should be cause for a vet visit.
Frustration, stress and anxiety are common causes of inappropriate urinating in cats and can be a way for cats to show they are not feeling too happy about something. You should try and work out what could be causing your cat to feel stressed so that you can remove or at least reduce, the stressor.
Leptospirosis From Infected Pet Urine
It can be transmitted to humans through direct or indirect contact with contaminated urine. The bacteria can survive in water or soil for weeks to months.
Inhalation of large quantities of ammonia causes immediate burning of the throat, respiratory tract and nose. As a person is exposed to larger or constant quantities of ammonia, he or she may start to feel lightheaded and faint. Excessive exposure to ammonia causes eye and skin irritation.
In humans it’s been known to aggravate respiratory conditions like asthma, COPD, and chronic coughing in those exposed to ammonia over a long period. Higher concentrations of ammonia can be downright deadly, causing immediate burning of the respiratory tract, nausea, vomiting and even blindness.
Spraying is not the same as peeing outside the litter box. When spraying, a cat’s tail will stand up straight. The tail may vibrate a little. By spraying, they deposit small amounts of urine on vertical surfaces: especially doors, walls and windows are likely victims.
Female cats may urinate outside their litter box and practice inappropriate elimination but when they pee vertically instead of on the ground it is referred to as spraying or marking. When a cat marks, urine is sprayed against a wall, a piece of furniture, or another surface.
Cat spray looks and smells like urine, to a point. A well-hydrated kitty produces light yellow urine with its typical acidic odor. But because of pheromones in cat spray, it’s often darker yellow and smells particularly more pungent.
If your cat is peeing on the bed, place treats there. Cats hate peeing near places where they eat. If you change the places where your cat pees to where they eat, they will stop peeing there. If your cat is peeing outside the litter box, make sure you clean the box regularly.
Cleaning the area thoroughly with vinegar first and then applying an enzyme treatment will break down and evaporate the uric acid and your home will be free of cat odors. Vinegar and enzyme cleaners work on all surfaces: hardwood floors, carpets, mattresses.
Underlying medical issues can be a cause of your cat urinating outside the litter box. A likely culprit is a urinary tract infection, but it can also be kidney disease, diabetes, or anything that causes your cat to feel uncomfortable, such as arthritis.
Urinary Tract Infections
When a litter box does not get cleaned properly, they risk squatting over and stepping in old excretions. Bacteria from festering waste can travel up the urethra, causing a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Can a cat UTI go away by itself? A healthy cat with a strong immune system may fight off a mild UTI that doesn’t have symptoms. If you see any symptoms, your cat likely requires treatment and should see the vet.
FLUTD or feline lower urinary tract disease is a common cause for many feline emergency veterinary visits. This condition comes in two forms the obstructed and non obstructed forms. In some cases the unobstructed form can progress into the obstructed form—a life threatening, emergency condition.
Twice a week is a general guideline for replacing clay litter, but depending on your circumstances, you may need to replace it every other day or only once a week. If you clean the litter box daily, you might only need to change clumping litter every two to three weeks.
Whether they’re happy or sad, in pain, or particularly when they’re a little ticked off, they want you, their favorite human, to know it. Your cat may make angry cat noises, seemingly purposefully knock something over, or pee on your new bedspread. Instead of instantly reacting, play detective, says Kavanaugh.
While most cats adjust within a reasonable amount of time, some cats remain stressed which can lead to urinary problems. If the stressor is identified quickly and the cat gets the special attention she needs, the urinary issues may quickly subside.
Although the results may be unpleasant and disturbing, Callahan said they are not dangerous. “It’s not harmful because those are dried and sterile,” he said, “They’re not going to have viruses or bacteria growing in them.”
Overexposure to ammonia
A cat’s urine is full of ammonia, a toxic gas that can cause headaches, asthma attacks and even serious respiratory diseases such as pneumonia. Children, older adults and people with weak immune systems are at increased risk.
It is unlikely that you would be exposed to the parasite by touching an infected cat because cats usually do not carry the parasite on their fur. In addition, cats kept indoors (that do not hunt prey or are not fed raw meat) are not likely to be infected with Toxoplasma.